If you are interested in a Master or Semester Thesis, please contact me.

Hofmann, M., 2016, Portrait: 'Tausend Jahre im Blick'. Die Zeit, 4. May 2016 [PDF]


41. von Känel, L., T. L. Frölicher, N. Gruber, Hiatus-like decades in the absence of equatorial Pacific cooling and accelerated global ocean heat uptake.

40. Franco, A., N. Gruber, T. L. Frölicher, L. Kropuenske Artman, Contrasting impact of future CO2 emission scenarios on the extent of CaCO3 mineral undersaturation in the Humboldt Current System.

39. Fernandez, J. A., T. L. Frölicher, W. W. W. L. Cheung, M. Barange. Increase of potential catches for North East Atlantic pelagic fisheries under climate change scenarios.

38. Pinsky, M. L., L. A. Rogers, T. L. Frölicher, Can we design climate-smart ocean plans?



37. W. W. L. Cheung, G. Reygondeau, T. L. Frölicher, Large benefits to marine fisheries of meeting the 1.5 °C global warming target. Science. 354, 1591-1594 [Link]. Press release ETH Zürich [Link]. Press release UBC [Link].

36. Frölicher, T. L., K. B. Rodgers, C. Stock, W. W. L. Cheung, Sources of uncertainties in 21st century projections of potential ocean ecosystem stressors. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 30, 1224-1243. [PDF]. Supplementary Material [PDF].

35. Frölicher, T. L., 2016, Strong warming at high emissions. Nature Climate Change, 6, 823-824. [PDF].

34.  Carter, B. R., T. L. Frölicher, J. P. Dunne, K. B. Rodgers, R. D. Slater, J. L. Sarmiento, 2016, When can ocean acidification impacts be detected from decadal alkalinity measurements? Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 30, 595-612. [PDF]

33. Raible, C. C., S. Brönnimann, R. Auchmann, P. Brohan, T. L. Frölicher, H.-F. Graf, P. Jones, J. Luterbacher, S. Muthers, R. Neukom, A. Robock, S. Self, A. Sudrajat, C. Timmreck, M. Wegmann, 2016, Tambora 1815 as a test case for high impact volcanic eruptions: Earth system effects. WIREs Clim. Change. doi:10.1002/wcc407. [PDF]

32. Lehner, F., A. P. Schurer, G. C. Hegerl, C. Deser, T. L. Frölicher, 2016, The importance of ENSO phase during volcanic eruptions for detection and attribution. Geophys. Res. Lett. 43, 2851-2858.[PDF]. Suppl. Information [PDF]

31. Cheung, W. W. L., M. C. Jones, G. Reygondeau, C. A. Stock, V. W. Y. Lam, T. L. Frölicher, 2016, Structural uncertainty in projecting global fisheries catches under climate change. Ecological Modelling, 325, 57-66. [PDF]. Suppl. Information [PDF]

30. Cheung, W. W. L., T. L. Frölicher, R. G. Asch, M. Jones, M. L. Pinsky, K. R. Rodgers, R. R. Rykaczewski, J. L. Sarmiento, C. Stock, J. R. Watson, 2016, Building confidence in projections of the responses of living marine resources to climate change. ICES J. Mar. Sci. doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsv250. [PDF]



29. Frölicher T. L., D. J. Paynter, 2015, Extending the relationship between global warming and cumulative carbon emissions to multi-millennial timescales. Environmental Research Letters, 10, 075002. [PDF]. ArsTechnica Article [Link].

28. Frölicher, T. L., J. L. Sarmiento, D. J. Paynter, J. P. Dunne, J. P. Krasting, M. Winton, 2015, Dominance of the Southern Ocean in anthropogenic carbon and heat uptake in CMIP5 models. J. Climate, 28, 862-886. [PDF] (chosen for Nature Climate Change research highlights [Link])

27. Panyter, D. J., T. L. Frölicher, 2015, Sensitivity of radiative forcing, ocean heat uptake and climate feedback to changes in anthropogenic greenhouse gases and aerosols. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, 9837-9854 [PDF].

26. Rodgers, K. B., J. Lin, T. L. Frölicher, 2015, Emergence of multiple ocean ecosystem drivers in a large ensemble suite with an Earth System Model, Biogeosciences, 12, 3301-3320 [PDF]. (featured as one of the highlighted article from all EGU's open access journals).

25. Morrison, A. K., T. L. Frölicher, J. L. Sarmiento, 2015, Thermal forces in the Southern Ocean upwelling, Physics Today, 68(8) 11. [Link]

24. Morrison, A. K., T. L. Frölicher, J. L. Sarmiento, 2015, Upwelling in the Southern Ocean, Physics Today, 68(1), 27-32. [PDF] [Link]

23. Christensen, V., M. Coll, J. Buszowski, W. Cheung, T. L. Frölicher, J. Steenbeek, C. Stock, R. Watson, C. J. Walters, The global ocean is an ecosystem: Simulating marine life and fisheries. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 4, 507-517 [PDF]


22. Frölicher, T. L., M. Winton, J. L. Sarmiento, 2014, Continued global warming after CO2 emissions stoppage. Nature Climate Change, 4, 40-44. [PDF], Suppl.Information [PDF]. Press release ETH Zürich [Link]. Press release Princeton University [Link].

21. Raupach, M. R., M. Gloor, J. L. Sarmiento, J. G. Canadell, T. L. Frölicher, T. Gasser, R. A. Houghton, C. Le Quéré, C. M. Trudinger, The declining uptake rate of atmospheric CO2 by land and ocean sinks. Biogeosciences. 11, 3453-3475. [PDF]

20. Majkut, J. D., B. R. Carter, T. L. Frölicher, C. O. Dufour, K. B. Rodgers, J. L. Sarmiento, An observing system simulation for Southern Ocean carbon dioxide uptake. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A., 372: 20130046. [PDF]

19. Jaccard, S. L, E. D. Galbraith, T. L. Frölicher, N. Gruber, Ocean (de)oxygenation across the last deglaciation - Insights for the future. Oceanography, 27(1), 26-35. [PDF]



18. Frölicher, T. L., F. Joos, C. C. Raible, J. L. Sarmiento, 2013, Atmospheric CO2 response to volcanic eruptions: The role of ENSO, season, and variability. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 27, 239-251, [PDF]

17. Fernandes, J., W. W. Cheung, S. Jennings, M. Butenschoen, L. de Mora, T. L. Frölicher, M. Barange, A. Grant, Modeling the effects of climate change on the distribution and production of marine fishes: accounting for trophic interactions in a dynamic bioclimate envelope model. Global Change Biology, 19, 2596-2607 [PDF].

16. Cocco, V., F. Joos, M. Steinacher, T. L. Frölicher, L. Bopp, J. Dunne, M. Gehlen, C. Heinze, J. Orr, A. Oschlies, B. Schneider, J. Segschneider, J. Tjiputra., 2013, Oxygen and indicators of stress for marine life in multi-model global warming projections. Biogeosciences, 10, 1849-1868 [PDF]

15. Joos, F., R. Roth, J. S. Fuglestvedt, G. P. Peters, I. G. Enting, W. von Bloh, V. Brovkin, E. J. Burke, M. Eby, N. R. Edwards, T. Friedrich, T. L. Frölicher, P. R. Halloran, P. B. Holden, C. Jones, T. Kleinen, F. Mackenzie, K. Matsumoto, M. Meinshausen, G.-K. Plattner, A. Reisinger, J. Segschneider, G. Shaffer, M. Steinacher, K. Strassmann, K. Tanaka, A. Timmermann, A. J. Weaver, 2013, Carbon dioxide and climate impulse response functions for the computation of greenhouse gas metrics: A multi-model analysis. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 2793-2825 [PDF], Suppl. Information [PDF]

14. Jones, M. C., S. R. Dye, J. A. Fernandes, T. L. Frölicher, J. K. Pinnegar, R. Warren, W. W. L. Cheung, 2013, Predicting the impact of climate change on threatened species in UK waters. PLoS ONE, 8(1) [PDF].

13. Cheung, W. W. L., J. L. Sarmiento, J. Dunne, T. L. Frölicher, V. Lam, M. L. Deng Palomares, R. Watson, D. Pauly, 2013, Shrinking of fishes exacerbates impacts of global ocean changes on marine ecosystems. Nature Climate Change, 3, 254-258 [PDF], Suppl. Information [PDF].

12. Winton, M, S. M. Griffies, B. Samuels, J. L. Sarmiento, T. L. Frölicher, 2013, Connecting changing ocean circulation with changing climate. J. Climate, 26, 2268-2278 [PDF] (chosen for Nature Climate Change Research Highlights [PDF])



11. Keller, K. M., F. Joos, C. C. Raible, V. Cocco, T. L. Frölicher, J. P. Dunne, M. Gehlen, T. Roy, L. Bopp, J. C. Orr, J. Tjiputra, C. Heinze, J. Segschneider, N. Metzl. 2012, Variability of the Ocean Carbon Cycle in Response to the North Atlantic Oscillation. Tellus B, 64, 18738 [PDF]

10. Gruber, N., C. Hauri, Z. Lachkar, D. Loher, T. L. Frölicher, G.-K. Plattner, 2012, Rapid progression of ocean acidification in the California Current System. Science, 337(6091), 220-223, doi: 10.1126/science.1216773 [PDF], Suppl. Information [PDF], Related NewsFocus [PDF]



9. Frölicher, T. L., F. Joos, C. C. Raible, 2011, Sensitivity of atmospheric CO2 and climate to explosive volcanic eruptions. Biogeosciences. 8, 2317-2339, doi: 10.5194/bg-8-2317-2011. [PDF]

8. Joos, F., T. L. Frölicher, M. Steinacher, G.-K. Plattner, 2011, Impact of climate change mitigation on ocean acidification projections, in Ocean Acidification, edited by J.-P. Gattuso and L. Hansson, Cambridge Univ. Press. [PDF]

7. Roy, T., L. Bopp, M. Gehlen, B. Schneider, P. Cadule, T. L. Frölicher, J. Segschneider, J. Tjiputra, C. Heinze, F. Joos, 2011, Regional impacts of climate change and atmospheric CO2 on future ocean carbon uptake: A multi-model linear feedback analysis. J. of Climate, 24, 2300-2318 [PDF]



6. Frölicher, T. L., F. Joos, 2010, Reversible and irreversible impacts of greenhouse gas emissions in multi-century projections with the NCAR global coupled carbon cycle-climate model. Climate Dyn. 35, 7-8, 1439-1459. [PDF]

5. Steinacher, M., F. Joos, T. L. Frölicher, L. Bopp, P. Cadule, S.C. Doney, M. Gehlen, B. Schneider, J. Segschneider, 2010, Projected 21st century decrease in marine productivity: a multi-model analysis. Biogeosciences. 7, 979-1005. [PDF] (chosen for Nature Research Highlights HTML)



4. Frölicher, T. L. , F. Joos, G.-K. Plattner, M. Steinacher, S. C. Doney, 2009, Natural variability and anthropogenic trends in oceanic oxygen in a coupled carbon cycle-climate model ensemble. Global Biogeochem. Cycles 23, GB1003 [PDF].

3. Gattuso, J.-P., L. Hansson, J. Bijma, H. Elderfield, P. Burkill, T. Tyrrell, M. Edwards, S. Widdicombe, U. Riebesell, M. Steinacher, F. Joos, T. L. Frölicher, C. Turley, K. Boot, K.-M. Davidson, D. Laffoley, P. Saugier, 2009, European Project on Ocean Acidification (EPOCA): objectives, products and scientific highlights. Oceanography 22/4, 190-201. [PDF]

2. Steinacher, M., F. Joos, T. L. Frölicher, G.-K. Plattner, S. C. Doney, 2009, Imminent ocean acidification projected with the NCAR global coupled carbon cycle-climate model. Biogeosciences 6, 515-533. [PDF]



1. Schneider, B., L. Bopp, M. Gehlen, J. Segschneider, T. L. Frölicher, P. Cadule, P. Friedlingstein, S.C. Doney, M. J. Behrenfeld, F. Joos, 2008, Climate-induced interannual variability of marine primary and export production in three global coupled climate carbon cycle models. Biogeosciences5/2, 597-614. [PDF]


IPCC - Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Contributing author to: Pörtner, H.-O., D. Karl, P.W. Boyd, W. Cheung, S.E. Lluch-Cota, Y. Nojiro, D. Schmidt, P. Zavialov, 2014: Ocean systems. In: Field C. et al. (Eds.), Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaption and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  (www.ipcc.ch)



Frölicher, T. L., 2009, Ensemble modeling of the coupled carbon cycle-climate system. PhD thesis, 180pp., Climate and Environmental Physics, University of Bern.

Frölicher, T. L., 2004, Niederschlagsvalidierung über dem Alpenraum. Diploma thesis, 91 pp., Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zürich.

Frölicher, T. L., 2004, Nachhaltigkeitsrating für Städte, Semester thesis, ETH Zürich.

Frölicher, T. L., 2003, Verlieren Globalisierungsbefürworter das Ziel der Armutsbekämpfung aus den Augen? Semester thesis, ETH Zürich.


Publications without peer-review and media

Frölicher, T. L, 2016, Heatwaves in the ocean - a risk to ecosystems? ETH Zukunftsblog. English, German

Dufour, C. O., I. Frenger, T. L. Frölicher, A. R. Gray, S. M. Griffies, A. K. Morrison, J. L. Sarmiento, S. A. Schlunegger, 2015, Anthropogenic carbon and heat uptake by the ocean: Will the Southern Ocean remain a major sink? US Clivar Variations, 13, 4. [PDF]

Dunne, J. P., C. Laufkötter, T. L. Frölicher, 2015, Ocean biogeochemistry in the fifth Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5). US Clivar Variations, 13, 2. [PDF]

Gruber, N,  D. Clement, T. L. Frölicher, A. Haumann, P. Landschützer, 2015, The global ocean carbon sink: Recent trends and variability. Nova Acta Leopoldina NF 121, 408, 85-88. [PDF]

Gruber, N,  T. L. Frölicher, F. Joos, S. Jaccard, 2015, Das polare Fenster im Mittelpunkt des Interesses. In: Schweizer Polarforschung: Pioniergeist, Leidenschaft und Spitzenleistungen.


Steinacher, M., T. L. Frölicher, F. Joos, 2009, Imminent and irreversible ocean acidification, SOLAS Newsletter 9, 6-7 [PDF].

Frölicher, T. L., C. Häberli, 2005, DAQUAMAP redo. Mesoscale Alpine Programme Newsletter 20.

Frölicher T. L. and F. Joos 2009, Klimawandel gibt dem Meer Saures, Newspaper article, Sonntagszeitung.